The unofficial capital of the Cappadocia region, Nevsehir makes a great central base for exploring the surrounding area and its many underground cities and countless fairy chimneys. Founded as Nyssa by the Hittites more than 3,000 years ago, Nevsehir has historical attractions from many eras, including the ruins of the Ottoman citadel overlooking the city and the 18th-century Kursunlu mosque in the Damat Ibrahim Pasha complex. Nevsehir Museum, one of Turkey's finest, is also very popular.
A town literally carved into the volcanic rock, Goreme is the gateway to the Goreme National Park, a vast UNESCO World Heritage Site that houses spectacular 10th- and 11th-century cave churches. The park itself is known for its chimney rock formations and is very popular with backpackers. It’s also a great area to sample Turkish cuisine and wine.
The Cappadocia region's most upscale and contemporary tourist city, Urgup has a number of lovely hotels, many built in and around centuries-old cave dwellings. The city and its surrounding area are known for their mysterious fairy chimneys, early Christian rock churches and fine vineyards. A mix of ancient and modern, Urgup is a center for traditional handmade carpets, but also has a lively nightlife. Hot air ballooning is very popular, and a fantastic way to see the area's beauty from above.
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