Libya (/ˈlɪbiə/ ( listen); Arabic: ليبيا), officially the State of Libya (Arabic: دولة ليبيا Dawlat Lībyā), is a sovereign state in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south, and Algeria and Tunisia to the west. The country is made of three historical regions, Tripolitania, Fezzan, and Cyrenaica. With an area of almost 1.8 million square kilometres (700,000 sq mi), Libya is the fourth largest country in Africa, and is the 16th largest country in the world. Libya has the 10th-largest proven oil reserves of any country in the world.
Tripoli (Arabic: طرابلس, Ṭarābulus; Berber:"Oea" or "Wy't" ) is the capital city and the largest city of Libya, with a population of about 1.1 million people in 2015. It is located in the northwest of Libya on the edge of the desert, on a point of rocky land projecting into the Mediterranean and forming a bay. It includes the port of Tripoli and the country's largest commercial and manufacturing centre. It is also the site of the University of Tripoli. The vast Bab al-Azizia barracks, which includes the former family estate of Muammar Gaddafi, is also located in the city. Colonel Gaddafi largely ruled the country from his residence in this barracks.
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