Dnipro (Ukrainian: Дніпро), until May 2016 Dnipropetrovsk (Ukrainian: Дніпропетро́вськ [ˌdʲnʲiprɔpɛˈtrɔu̯sʲk]) or Dnepropetrovsk (Russian: Днепропетро́вск [dʲnʲɪprəpʲɪˈtrofsk]), is Ukraine's fourth largest city, with about one million inhabitants. It is 391 kilometres (243 mi) southeast of the capital Kiev on the Dnieper River, in the south-central part of Ukraine. Dnipro is the administrative centre of the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast. Administratively, it is incorporated as a city of oblast significance, the centre of Dnipro municipality and extraterritorial administrative centre of Dnipro Raion. Its population is approximately 976,525 (2017 est.).
Dnipropetrovsk Oblast (Ukrainian: Дніпропетро́вська о́бласть, Dnipropetrovs'ka oblast or Дніпропетровщина, Dnipropetrovshchyna, Russian: Днепропетро́вская о́бласть [dʲnʲɪprəpʲɪˈtrofskəjə ˈobɫəstʲ]) is an oblast (province) of central Ukraine, the most important industrial region of the country. It was created on February 27, 1932. Dnipropetrovsk has a population of about 3,230,411 (2017 est.), approximately 80% of whom live centering on administrative center of Dnipro, Kryvyi Rih, Kamianske, Nikopol. The River Dnieper runs through the oblast.
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