Urfa, officially known as Şanlıurfa (pronounced [ʃanˈlɯuɾfa]; Arabic: الرها ar-Ruhā; Kurdish: Riha), and known in ancient times as Edessa, is a city with 561,465 inhabitants in south-eastern Turkey, and the capital of Şanlıurfa Province. Urfa is a multiethnic city with a Turkish, Kurdish, and Arab population. Urfa is situated on a plain about eighty kilometres east of the Euphrates River. Its climate features extremely hot, dry summers and cool, moist winters.
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